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Guidelines for Innovative Pedagogical Approaches Evaluation Reforms

Key Initiatives of UGC


Guidelines for Innovative Pedagogical Approaches & Evaluation Reforms

The traditional Indian teaching-learning system has been driven by Guru-Shishya parampara. It is a holistic system which provided comprehensive knowledge, value-based learning as well as requisite life skills suited to the learners. Diverse pedagogies have been used for achieving core objectives of the entire learning processes, which included exposure to real life experiences and hands on learning, value-based learning through stories/narrations, problem-solving through explorations, role plays, memorization and dissemination through debates and discussions. In the past few decades, various policy frameworks have been developed to address the evolving needs of different pedagogical approaches in higher education.

The recent National Education Policy 2020 (NEP) is the outcome of mammoth exercise to integrate Indian traditional value-based education with the present technology dominated teaching and learning process. It aims to overhaul the existing education system through a multipronged approach, one of which is developing a pedagogy that makes education more experiential, holistic, integrated, inquiry-driven, discovery-oriented, learner-centred, discussion-based, flexible and enjoyable. As the NEP 2020 strives to develop well-rounded, competent individuals with 21st-century skills, the curricula and pedagogies have to be reoriented and revamped for the same, which includes raising the standard of curricula and using appropriate pedagogies to deliver effectively to the learners.

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